Regional milk figures (2013):
- The 29 EastAgri countries produced about 115 million tons of fresh cow milk.
- The 3 largest producers were Russia (about 30 million tons),Turkey (about 17 million tons), Poland (about 12 million tons).
- The regional sum of goat milk was around 1 million tons with the largest producers of Turkey, Ukraine, and Russia (64.7% of the regional production). While the regional sum of sheep milk was around 2 million tons with the largest producers of Turkey, Romania, and Bulgaria (80.04% of the regional production).
- Net exports of fresh cow and sheep milk were about 2 million tons.
- The 3 largest exporters were Hungary, Belarus, Slovenia.
- The 3 largest importers were Lithuania, Russia, Croatia.
Regional cheese figures (cheese of whole cow milk, 2013):
- The 29 EastAgri countries produced 2.65 million tons.
- The 3 largest producers were Poland, Russia, and Ukraine
- The 3 largest exporters exported 64%: Poland, Belarus, Lithuania
- The 3 largest importers imported 70%: Russia, Poland, Hungary
Click pie chart for full world production and trade statistics
Milk is produced across the globe from only a limited number of animal species. Cow's milk production is by far the most significant, producing more than 80% of the world's milk output. Buffaloes account for around 13% of the world's milk production, whilst sheep, goats and camels produce milk at a lesser scale and make up for less than 5%. The total world production of all kinds of milk amount to some 670 million tons/year.
For humans, the substances in milk provide both energy, building materials for growth and contain antibodies that protect against infection. Major categories of milk products include liquid milk, desserts, cream, fats and spreads, ice cream, natural and processed cheese, and yogurt. The composition of milk varies according to a range of factors, including species, stage or lactation and diet.
World production of milk usually follows a growth trend of around 2% each year, In spite of recent declines in production and growing consumer health concerns, the milk industry is forecasted to be valued at around USD133 billion and consumption is expected to reach over 140 billion litres by the end of 2010. The Russian Federation is the world’s largest dairy product importer. Belarus, which is emerging as one of the region’s largest exporters, is forecasted to expand its production by up to 5% a year.
- For full milk production and trade stats in the EastAgri region please click here
- For full butter production and trade stats in the EastAgri region please click here
- For full cheese production and trade stats in the EastAgri region please click here
- For import and export trade partners for butter, please click here
- For import and export trade partners for cheese, please click here
Related project pages
Ukraine dairy - Project Page
Agribusiness Handbook: Milk / Dairy Products (2009)The Russian Federation: Review of the Dairy Sector (2009)
Related meetings and workshops
Trends in Ukraine’s dairy market, presentation by the FAO Investment Centre at the 4th National Dairy Business Conference, November 2011Assistance to Dairy Farmers in Northern Ukraine, June 2011Russian Dairy Sector Study Tour to Italy, May 2010
Investment Strategy in the Russian Dairy Sector, Moscow, July 2010
EBRD finances expansion of FoodMaster, a leading dairy company in Kazakhstan, May 2016
Improving international dairy cooperation, April 2016Keeping the dairy industry fresh in Georgia, March 2016Following the milky way, February 2016Ukraine dairy products find a new market in China, October 2015EBRD invests in Turkish dairy producer Kay, September 2015The EBRD and FAO invest in the future of Georgian dairyEBRD’s BelSEFF helps Kalinkovichi Dairy cut energy costs, February 2015Got milk? Ukrainian delegation learns about modern dairy business practices in the United States of America (USA), February 2015