European Commission, Agriculture DG
The European Commission
(formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch
of the European Union
. It operates in the method of cabinet government, with 27 "Commissioners"
, one for each country of the EU
, led by a Commission President
(currently José Manuel Barroso
). The present Commission, known after its President as the "Barroso Commission" took office in late 2004 and is serving a five-year term. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union's treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union.
The term "Commission"
can mean either the college of Commissioners mentioned above, or the larger institution; including the administrative body of about 25,000 European civil servants
who are divided into departments called Directorates-General
. It is primarily based in the Berlaymont building of Brussels and its internal working languages are English